Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership A Trade Agreement that Threatens Existing GMO Regulations and Undermines Democracy (April 2014)
The rights of nations, states and local governments to regulate threats to their citizens, ecosystems and economies should be stronger than international trade ties that benefit large corporations. The regulation of labeling and cultivating genetically modified organisms is possible at each of these scales of governance, but these hard-won victories are at risk of being overridden by the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. This proposed agreement between the United States and European Union aims to harmonize trade between these major global economies in many sectors, including agriculture. However, history has shown that harmonization often defaults to standards at the lowest common denominator. At the local level, it translates to loss of the peoples’ right to participate in shaping democracy in favor of corporate influence and economic gains. The agreement also has the potential to negatively impact international markets beyond the US and EU that have banned GMOs.
Supply-Managed Dairy Policy A U.S. and Canadian Comparison: Where have all the dairy farmers gone? (April 2014)
Dairy farmers in the US and Canada have reason to be apprehensive about their futures. Over the last 50 years both countries have seen the dramatic restructuring of their respective dairy industries at all levels. In the past, dairying was an operation that depended heavily upon both human and animal labor. However, today, from cow to consumer, the dairy industry is fully-mechanized. In addition, in recent decades, international trade regimes have galvanized influence over domestic dairy markets. Supply management policies are receiving much wider attention today in response to the ebb and flow of global dairy production. This research outlines transformation regarding the US and Canadian dairy industries, with an emphasis on class, state/provincial, and (inter)national struggle.
Food Aid Reform US Food Aid on the Chopping Block? (April 2013)
Sequestration and the tightening of the US federal budget have called into question the survival of many programs funded by the US farm bill, and international food aid has not escaped the chopping block. The Food for Peace program, the main deliverer of US government food aid, is garnering particular attention this budget season as President Obama explores options to reform or replace the program. This brief offers three recommendations on how to reform the US food aid system this budget cycle.